THE ORIGINS OF APARTHEID - The doctrine of Apartheid

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Punisher2021
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THE ORIGINS OF APARTHEID - The doctrine of Apartheid

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THE ORIGINS OF APARTHEID - The doctrine of Apartheid ("separateness" in Afrikaans/Dutch) was made law in South Africa in 1948.
https://www.apartheidmuseum.org/uploads ... apter1.pdf
https://www.thoughtco.com/when-did-apar ... rica-43460
The word Apartheid comes from the Afrikaans word for “apartness.” There was a very bleak period in South Africa starting in 1948 when the government began to overwhelmingly develop new policies that would create significantly high levels of racial discrimination against black men and white women.
https://historycooperative.org/systemic ... apartheid/
https://www.facinghistory.org/confronti ... troduction
Having aggressively promoted an ideology of Afrikaner nationalism for a decade, the National Party won South Africa’s 1948 election by promising to clamp down on non-white groups. Once in office, the National Party promptly began to institute racial laws and regulations it called apartheid (a word that means “apartness” in Afrikaans). Led by Daniel Malan, a former pastor in the Dutch Reformed Church turned politician, the National Party described apartheid in a pamphlet produced for the election as “a concept historically derived from the experience of the established White population of the country, and in harmony with such Christian principles as justice and equity. It is a policy which sets itself the task of preserving and safeguarding the racial identity of the White population of the country; of likewise preserving and safeguarding the identity of the indigenous peoples as separate racial groups.”
By 1948, segregation of the races had long been the norm. But as journalist Allister Sparks noted, apartheid, drawing on racist anthropology and racist theology, “substituted enforcement for convention. What happened automatically before was now codified in law and intensified when possible. . . . [Racism] became a matter of doctrine, of ideology, of theologized faith infused with a special fanaticism, a religious zeal.”
Learners-book-Chapter1.pdf
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